5 Favourite Hedges

Favourite Things–Hedges

I’m not generally a big fan of closing in a property with ultra-privacy screening. Tall fences, dense cedars and laurels–as we’ve seen before, they just say “KEEP OUT”. I prefer the “come on in and have a look” style of garden design.

Having said that, hedging isn’t always a bad thing even for me. Shrubs that are not too tall, or are “airy”, or spaced widely, that are set well back from the public thoroughfare, that are fragrant and/or very floriferous (LOTS of flowers)–these can all constitute a welcoming hedge.

Se here are “a few of my favourite things”–in hedges:

1. Ceanothus thyrsiflorus–California Lilac. A very drought tolerant bee-and-butterfly magnet, native to California (duh). Masses of blue flowers followed by reddish berries that deepen to black in the fall. Evergreen with small glossy crinkled leaves.  I’ve posted this video before, but it’s worth a second view.

If you think of “typical” California weather (if there is such a thing), you’ll know exactly what kind of conditions Ceanothus needs: full sun (altho’ many cultivars can tolerate some shade), very good drainage, minimal watering (except in the first year when it needs extra care to get established), no extra fertilizer (organic mulch being the exception).

You can give Ceanothus a “haircut” every couple years, after blooming in the late spring. It can also be limbed up to give it more of a small tree look, but be careful with that. Ceanothus won’t sprout from old wood, so be sure when you trim back to old wood, it’s on purpose, not by accident.

2. Rosa ‘Hansa’. Magenta coloured Rugosa Rose ‘Hansa’ is a big, sprawling, fabulously-scented rose with nasty thorns. Not what you would ordinarily term “welcoming”, except that once you get a whiff of the fragrance, you have to follow the whiff to its source.

Recommending a thorny sprawling rose as a guest-friendly hedge requires a little refining. First of all, most roses tolerate, or demand, some pruning. This rose can take a LOT of pruning. She’ll easily grow 5 feet in a season, so if you don’t prune her down pretty aggressively in spring, you’ll have something of a monster on your hands. She doesn’t need much else in the way of care, which is one of the reasons she gets a place on this list. My Hansa is growing in half shade, and still blooms “enough”. Full sun will produce many more blooms. She should be mulched (almost everything should be mulched…), but won’t need much if any extra water through our dry summers. And the best thing is that unlike any other rose I’ve ever had, she has never had any disease–no black spot, no powdery mildew, no rust.

Of course, roses are deciduous, dropping their leaves in the fall, so in winter you’ll have a hedge of thorny sticks. For a while it will look like that “KEEP OUT” hedge. Sorry.

3. Ribes sanguineum –Flowering Red Currant. Native to coastal BC, Flowering Currant is allegedly the favoured flower of the returning Rufus Hummingbird. That would surely make it my favourite if it worked, but so far, I haven’t seen the evidence. 

Ribes sanguineum, Red-Flowering Current. Native to BC coast.

Ribes sanguineum, Red-Flowering Current. Native to BC coast.

But you can see the flowers are wonderful, the summer foliage is crisp and compact, growth is quite vigorous, but very easily controlled with pruning, and in late winter this will be one of the shrubs that you can force into blooming in your house by cutting branches early (Feb) and putting them in a vase of water.

4.  -Oregon Grape. Another prickly shrub–in this case it’s the leaves, not the stems–that has three benefits that overshadow the “prickliness”: fragrant(1) flowers(2) that bloom in winter(3). 

The blue-black berries that follow flowers on Mahonia aquifolium. Photo Credit.

The blue-black berries that follow flowers on Mahonia aquifolium. Photo Credit.

Another native plant, so is instrumental in keeping our local fauna happy; evergreen, civilized size that doesn’t mind being pruned to an even more civilized size, and leaves that often go reddish in Autumn. Take care cleaning up fallen leaves (even “evergreen” shrubs/trees loose their aged leaves sometime): they are particularly sharp when they’re all dried up. If you don’t prune after flowering, you’ll be rewarded with very tart berries that make amazing preserves.

5. Spirea japonica. This one I love because it has such a nostalgic air and fragrance about it. We had a spirea hedge when I was very little, and so of course the smell of the flowers on my little S. japonica ‘Anthony Waterer ‘ feels somehow very comforting.

Spiraea.japonica.Magic Carpet.

Spiraea.japonica.Magic Carpet. Photo Credit.

Compact, easy to prune, fabulous new spring growth,

Spirea japonica 'Anthony Waterer'--I think...

Spirea japonica ‘Anthony Waterer’–I think…

and the flowers make lovely bouquets. What more could you ask?

DSCN3087

There are so many others I could mention–deciduous Azaleas, Sarcococca (Sweet Box) if you have shade, Physocarpus (Ninebark) in one of the rich coppery colours–but these five listed are my favourites. For now…

What are your favourite hedging shrubs? Do you have other suggestions for a hedge that welcomes yet offers a degree of privacy?

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5 Design Tips for Your Hummingbird Garden

5 design tips for your hummingbird garden

I’m obsessed.

And like all obsessors, I’d love to drag other suckers into the vortex!

Six years ago, when I moved into this house, I saw a hummingbird hovering around my Princess Alexandra rose.

Princess Alexandra.

Princess Alexandra.

I went right out a bought a campsis radicans (red Trumpet Vine) reading that it was a popular food source. Of course it didn’t bloom that year, or the next, or the next.

Campsis radicans

Campsis radicans

For 5 more years I never saw another hummingbird–until last summer, when I  saw one hovering around a pre-blooming garden mum–for about a second!

So obviously, 2 sightings in 5 years constitutes some kind of an active colony, so I ran out and got a hummingbird feeder, attached by suction cups to the kitchen window (why there? I’m never looking out that particular window…) and used my giant Christmas bow (at the Wild Birds Unlimited proprietor’s suggestion) attached to the nearby railing as an attractor. I hoped that the  campsis would do a better job (than the bow) once it bloomed in late summer (–it did finally decide to bloom, and this year was quite prolific). Nope. Nothing. Nada. No hummers.

This spring I moved the feeder to my front window. My neighbour had planted a red current in the front, and apparently being the most preferred food source, maybe now the hummingbirds that would inevitably swarm there would approach my pretty red feeder. Lots of blooms on the current, nary a hummer in sight. Woe.

Until November 9 2013: what to my wondering eyes should appear, but a miniature bird (… no tiny reindeer…).

Hummingbird at the feeder.

Hummingbird at the feeder.

Well, since that time, there has been no end of activity, and not just at the feeder. They have found a bunch of still blooming flowers, and even seem to enjoy hanging out in colourful shrubs that have no flowers.

Hence the topic of today’s post (since now I’m an expert): How to design your garden so the hummingbirds will hang out at your house, and not just the one down the street. Some of my information comes from my (6 days!) observation, but most from World of Hummingbirds.

5 Things

Like any living creature, hummingbirds will need food and water, and because of their amazing wing speed, they use a lot of calories.

1. Food

So your hummingbird feeder will supply carbs. Plain white sugar (sorry, haven’t heard of an organic substitute, and playing around with different substances is a recipe for hummingbird-death) mixed 1:4 with warm water (see Wild Birds Unlimited ) gives them a similar concentration to what they get from flower nectar.

And it’s when they come to your feeder that you’ll actually get to see them.

But you also want them to enjoy your garden so they’ll come more often than just for a drink; flowers that will provide nectar, in a selection that will provide near-year-round blooms, is optimal. WBU points out that the more hybridized a plant is, the less nectar it produces, so when there are options (and they fit in with your garden scheme) choose species.

For early bloomers, lilac, lupines and honeysuckle are good.

For summer, snapdragons, penstemon, weigela.

For fall bloomers I can definitely recommend tricyrtis (toad lily), hardy fuchsia, fall asters, schizostylis (Kaffir lily). They’re all still in bloom in my garden, and I’ve seen the hummers visiting them all.

Shizostylis (Kaffir lily)

Shizostylis (Kaffir lily)

Hardy fuchsia

Hardy fuchsia

fall Asters

Fall Asters–Aster novae-angliae

Trisyrtis

Tricyrtis

For winter, I’m told by The Seattle Times that Oregon Grape Mahonia x media ‘Arthur Menzies’ is a great favourite, and fragrant winter bloomer. (Incidentally, hummingbirds  don’t  have much of a sense of smell. They look for visual clues, hence the need for highly coloured flowers. ) And of course, our native late winter-blooming Ribes sanguineum–Red Flowering Current– is supposed to be their all-time favourite food, and will especially attract the Rufous Hummingbird on its way back from winter migration.

Ribes sanguineum, Red-Flowering Current. Native to BC coast.

Ribes sanguineum, Red-Flowering Current. Native to BC coast.

2. Another Thing About Food

The sugary content of  your feeder- or flower-nectar is only one small portion of the hummingbirds’ diet. As important is a source of protein–and that source is bugs. If you spray your plants with some kind of pesticide to rid them of “pests”, all the native pest eaters will have no reason to frequent your site. Even “natural” pesticides still kill bugs. So if you want any birds to call your garden home, you’ll have to tolerate an adequate “load” of bugs.

Which leads us to…

3. Shelter.

Did you know that hummingbirds use spider webs to glue their nests together. If there aren’t any spiders, there aren’t any spider webs, and the hummers will go somewhere else to nest. But if you have a tree or good sized shrub, and let the spiders hang around, you’ve just provided habitat for hummingbirds to nest. Which means you’ve given them a potential home.

4. Water

Birds like to bathe, and hummingbirds are no exception. And most prefer moving water. If you can locate a basin at the drip line of a tree or shrub, they will appreciate the water/rain dripping from the leaves of the tree, which also gives the collecting basin the ripples of moving water.

And finally…

5. Provide separate rooms for the squabblers.

Both male and female hummingbirds prefer their privacy. They aren’t “flockers” like bush tits, they usually live along until it’s time to mate. A male will fight off (usually not violently, altho apparently they can bump their bodies and grab each other’s beaks) another male to preserve the ownership of a  feeding spot. So you might want to set up a second feeder at some distance from the first –unless you want to watch the show.

Click on the video for full screen.

As always, look forward to your comments, questions (I’m the expert, remember?), critiques. Click on the Follow button to receive posts regularly.